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The Iowa Model

Back Nursing Research

Everything that irritates us about others can lead us to an understanding of ourselves.

-Carl Jung


The Iowa Model of Research in Practice:

  •  Infuses research into practice to improve the quality of care , and is an outgrowth of the Quality Assurance Model Using Research (QAMUR).

  • Research utilization is seen as an organizational process.

  • Planned change principles are used to integrate research and practice.

  • The model integrates evidence-based healthcare acknowledges and uses  a multidisciplinary team approach.


    Titler, M. G., Kleiber, C., Steelman, V., Goode, C., Rakel, B., Barry-Walker, J., Small, S., & Buckwalter, K. (1994) Infusing research into practice to promote quality care. Nursing Research 43(5), 307-313

    Watson, C. A., Bulecheck, G. M.,  & McCloskey, J. C. (1987). QAMUR: A quality assurance model using nursing research. Journal of Nursing Quality Assurance 2(1), 21-27.

    Kleiber, C.,  & Titler, M. G., (1998). Evidence based practice and the revised Iowa Model. Fifth national research utilization conference (April 23-24). Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa hospitals and Clinics. 


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