Unless we are making
progress in our nursing every year, every month, every week, take my word for it
we are going back"
Autonomy: Having the freedom
to make choices about issues that affect ones life and is closely linked to to
the notion of respect for persons, and is an important principle in cultures
where all individuals are considered to be unique and valuable members of
society. Autonomy also refers to a situation in which even the researcher
cannot link information with a particular participant in a study.
Beneficence: The ethical
principle that requires one to act in a away that benefits another. In
research, this implies the protection from harm and discomfort, including a
balance between the benefits and risks of a study.
Nonmaleficence: An ethical
principle related to beneficence that requires one to act in such a manner as
to avoid harm to another, including deliberate harm, risk of harm, and
harm that occurs during the performance of beneficial acts.
Veracity: Truth- telling
Confidentiality: The ethical
principle that requires nondisclosure of private or secret information with
which one is entrusted. In research, confidentiality refers to the researchers
assurance to participants that information provided will not be made public or
available to anyone other than those involved in the research process
without the participants consent.
Justice: An ethical
principle that relates to fair, equitable, and appropriate treatment in light
of what is due or owed to the person, recognizing that giving to some will
deny receipts to others who might other wise might have received these things.
In research, justice implies the rights of fair treatment and privacy,
including anonymity and confidentiality.
Fidelity: An ethical
principle related to the concept of faithfulness and the practice of promise
Burkhardt, M. A. & Nathaniel, A. K. (2002). Ethics and issues in contemporary
nursing. Clifton Park, New York: Delmar Learning.