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History

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No man, not even a doctor, ever gives any other definition of what a nurse should be than this-'devoted and obedient'. This definition would do just as well for a porter. It might even do for a horse. It would not do for a policeman."
Florence Nightingale, 1860


TIMELINE

1836
A training school was opened in Germany where Florence Nightingale, “The Founder of Modern Nursing”, received her training.

1854-1856
Florence Nightingale was placed in charge of nursing care of soldiers in the Crimean War.
1859
Nightingale published Notes on nursing: What it is and what it is not.
1861-1865
Harriet Tubman nursed sick slaves on the “Underground Railroad”.
 
1864
National Red Cross established.
 
1873
Linda Richards became known as America’s first trained nurse.

Mary Eliza Mahoney

1879
Mary Eliza Mahoney became known as America’s first trained African-American nurse.
1893
The Nightingale pledge was written and administered.
1900
American Journal of Nursing was first published.
 
1901
United States Army Nurse Corps was established.
 
1902
First nurse practice acts were passed

1908
United States Navy Nurse Corps established.
1922
Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing founded.
1924 First nursing doctoral program established
1930-1940
Shift from public health to hospital-based system of health care.
 
1936 Sigma Theta Tau International Formed
1940
United States nurses served in WWII.

nurse pow poster

1949
United States Air Force Nursing Corps established.
1950
ANA adopted a code of ethics.
1950
United States nurses served in the Korean War.
 
1952 Nursing Research Published
1953 National Student Nurses’ Association established.
1960
United States nurses served in the Vietnam War.
 
1973
ANA started certification programs for nurses in specialty areas.

Thomson Delmar Learning

1991
United States nurses served in the Gulf War.
2001
Nurse Anesthetists gain independent prescriptive authority.
 
Present
Nationwide nursing shortage.
 

 

Reproduced from: The University of New Mexico

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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